Daily Trivia – 4 February – Special Edition

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    • #400884
      So Far From Heaven
      Keymaster
      • Total Posts: 8,386

      To Clarify: At the time of his life, he was unusual in a lot of ways, but one thing about him REALLY was different from your run of the mill inventor.

       

    • #400885
      HassleCat
      Participant
      • Total Posts: 6,577

      And we did this one already

    • #400886
      NV Wino
      Moderator
      • Total Posts: 7,208

      .

      “As we act, let us not become the evil that we deplore.” Barbara Lee
      “Politicians and pro athletes: The only people who still get paid when they lose.” William Rivers Pitt

      • #400889
        HassleCat
        Participant
        • Total Posts: 6,577

        As in transportation. He made many improvements to subway trains.

    • #400887
      jbnw
      Participant
      • Total Posts: 4,333
    • #400892
      jbnw
      Participant
      • Total Posts: 4,333
      • #400954
        Cold Mountain Trail
        Participant
        • Total Posts: 12,404

        Wrong black guy.  Biden was referring to:

        Lewis Latimer who invented an improvement to the light bulb and helped with Edison’s patenting.

        “Lewis Howard Latimer (September 4, 1848 – December 11, 1928) was an American inventor and patent draftsman for the patents of the incandescent light bulb, among other inventions. His house is located near the Latimer Projects in Flushing, Queens…

        In 1879 he… was hired as assistant manager and draftsman for the U.S. Electric Lighting Company, a company owned by Hiram Maxim, a rival of Thomas A. Edison.[5] While Latimer was there he invented a modification to the process for making carbon filaments which aimed to reduce breakages during the carbonization process. This modification consisted of placing filament blanks inside a cardboard envelope during carbonization.[10] While in England on behalf of the Maxim light company he taught the entire process for making Maxim lights, including glassblowing in 9 months in order to get the factory up and running.[4]

        In 1884, he was invited to work with Thomas Edison. Along with the work he did with Edison,he was also responsible for translating data into German and French, as well as gathering that information.[5]”

        https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lewis_Howard_Latimer

         

        “Latimer’s deep knowledge of both patents and electrical engineering made Latimer an indispensable partner to Edison as he promoted and defended his light bulb design. In 1890, Latimer published a book entitled Incandescent Electric Lighting: A Practical Description of the Edison System. He continued to work as a patent consultant until 1922.

        https://www.biography.com/inventor/lewis-howard-latimer

        Beginning in 1878, Thomas Edison spent over a year trying to develop an incandescent light bulb using electricity to heat a thin filament…   But after years of experiments and thousands of tests… his longest-lasting light bulb could only last for about 15 hours before the filament burned out…

        Around the same time Edison was experimenting with his bulb — using carbonized filaments of bay wood, cedar, bamboo and other fibers — so was Latimer.

        According to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Latimer improved upon Edison’s original design. Latimer created a light bulb with a more durable filament made of carbon. He sold the patent to the US Electric Co. in 1881, and a year later patented a process for efficiently manufacturing the carbon filament. He even wrote a book in 1890 on electric lighting, the first of its kind…   Because of Latimer’s contributions, incandescent light bulbs became more affordable and practical, MIT says…

        https://www.cnn.com/2020/09/04/us/biden-lightbulb-black-man-trnd/index.html

        Edison patent was 1880.

        US Electric Company:

        United States Electric Lighting Company ….formed in 1878 as a merger with The Weston Electric Light Company (from 1877). Later it was a Westinghouse subsidary in Newark….  founders were Edward Weston (for his ARC lighting system.), Hiram Stevens Maxim (for incandescent lighting system (regulator and his incandescent lamp/filament patents) and Moses Farmer (who had a long time first hand experience with generators and early incandescent lighting).

        Hiram S. Maxim started a lightbulb company in 1878 to exploit his patents and those of William Sawyer. His United States Electric Lighting Company was the second company, after Edison, to sell practical incandescent electric lamps. They made their first commercial installation of incandescent lamps… 1880, about six months after the Edison incandescent lamps had been installed on the steamer Columbia.

        In October 1880, Maxim patented a method of coating carbon filaments with hydrocarbons to extend their life. Lewis Latimer, his employee at the time, developed an improved method of heat-treating them which reduced breakage…

    • #400893
      So Far From Heaven
      Keymaster
      • Total Posts: 8,386
    • #400899
      Jan Boehmerman
      Moderator
      • Total Posts: 4,186

      … because he kept forgetting he filed for these patents previously.

    • #400961
      Cold Mountain Trail
      Participant
      • Total Posts: 12,404

      Personally, I don’t think any one person “invented” the light bulb.  There were a lot of people working on the same project at pretty much the exact same time, both in the US and overseas.  Some of them unsung.  I suspect Latimer would have got more credit if he’d been white, but what’s on the record is pretty impressive anyway.

      Biden’s right about one thing — people like Latimer got little to no credit for their accomplishments.  Edison was taught as the sole ‘inventor’ when I was in grade school & I never learned any different until much later in life.  Edison was held up as some kind of lone ‘genius’ yet it seems a lot of his genius was in getting smart people to work for him & pumping his own bubble.

      Nobody does *anything* alone.

       

      Electric light bulb was built on this earlier related kind of electric lighting:

      “An arc lamp or arc light is a lamp that produces light by an electric arc (also called a voltaic arc). The carbon arc light, which consists of an arc between carbon electrodes in air, invented by Humphry Davy in the first decade of the 1800s, was the first practical electric light.”

      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arc_lamp

      And presumably Davy had his own backstage assistants.

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